Nobel Prize winners at Berkeley

1939: Ernest Lawrence (Physics) - For invention, development of cyclotron, a machine that smashes atoms to study their structure.

1946: Wendell Stanley and John Northrop (Chemistry) - For isolating viruses instrumental in conquest of diseases like polio. And for isolating enzymes that catalyze chemical reactions like digestion.

1949: William Giauque (Chemistry) - For dipping below absolute zero temperature.

1951: Edwin McMillan and Glenn Seaborg (Chemistry) - For the discovery of plutonium.

1959: Owen Chamberlain and Emilio Segre (Physics) - For creating artificial anti-protons that stayed alive long enough to be identified.

1960: Donald Glaser (Physics) - For innovation using the bubble chamber in the study of atoms.

1961: Melvin Calvin (Chemistry) - For use of carbon-14 isotopes to trace carbon cycles in photosynthesis.

1964: Charles Townes (Physics) - For creation of the laser, a light beam intense enough to vaporize hardest and most heat-resistant materials.

1968: Luis Alvarez (Physics) - For development of hydrogen bubble chambers and data-analyzing equipment used to discover nuclear particles.

1980: Czeslaw Milosz (Literature) - Berkeley's first non-scientific Nobelist, he was recognized for his poetry.

1983: Gerard Debreu (Economics) - For developing mathematical foundation for analyzing conditions that determine supply and demand equilibrium.

1986: Yuan T. Lee (Chemistry) - For contributions toward deeper understanding of mechanism of elementary chemical reactions.

1994: John Harsanyi (Economics) - For work in game theory, which helps analyze human behavior in competitive situations.

2000: Daniel McFadden (Economics) - For developing methods of studying economic information about large groups of individuals.


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